Interventions for reducing alcohol supply, alcohol demand and alcohol-related harms
Alcohol accounts for approximately four percent of deaths worldwide and 4.65 percent of the global burden of injury and disease, placing it alongside tobacco as one of the leading preventable causes of death and disability (Rehm et al. 2009). Four of five Australians aged over 14 years report drinking alcohol recently and one in five report drinking seven or more drinks on a single occasion at least monthly (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2008); two-thirds (61%) of 18–29 year olds report consuming alcohol to get drunk (Laslett et al. 2010). The annual cost of alcohol-related harm in Australia is estimated to be between $15.6b (Collins and Lapsley 2008) and $36b (Laslett et al. 2010), depending on the model used and whether harm to others is included. For many individuals, the personal cost of alcohol-related trauma is overwhelming (Laslett et al. 2010). Almost every type of alcohol-related harm is on the rise in Australia (Livingston et al. 2010).